Akbar Shah II- Bahadur Shah Zafar ( Bahabur Shah-II)- End of Mughal Empire

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Akbar Shah II

The Akbar Shah II and Bahadur Shah Zafar were the last emperors of the Mughal Empire. In the 19th century, India’s Mughal emperor Akbar II, also known as Akbar Shah II, ruled from 1806 to 1837. He was Shah Alam-II‘s second son and also the father of Bahadur Shah-II.

Akbar was not having much power at that time.  To create unity between Hindus and Muslims he celebrated a unity festival Phool Walon Ki Sair.  He gave a title to  Ram Mohan Roy “Raja”. Ram Mohan Roy was a great philosopher. 

Reign of Akbar II

Emperor Akbar-II ruled as a dummy king just. His ruling area had the limitation to Delhi- the Red Fort. During his reign, Delhi’s cultural life blossomed as a whole. His approach toward East India Company officials, notably Lord Hastings, angered the British, who viewed him as a pensioner.

As a result, in 1835, the British condensed his ruling authority upto the Delhi’s king. After that, the East India Company did different operations and resulted in ceasing the Mughal Empire. At the same time, the English texts got more importance than the Persian texts. Resultantly, the English was replaced with the Persian text printed on the Company’s coins. After this, the Mughal Emperors remained no longer there on coins. 


Bahadur Shah Zafar 2

Bahadur Shah-II is also known as Bahadur Shah Zafar 2 was the last Mughal emperor of India (reigned 1837–57). On October 24, 1775, he was born in Delhi, India, and died on November 7, 1862, in Rangoon [now Yangon], Myanmar. He was a poet, musician, and calligrapher who was more of an aesthete than a politician. The Mughal Empire which was started by Babur in 1526 ended at him

BahadurShah Zafar Revolt of 1857

fall of Mughal Empire

He was Akbar Shah II second son.  He was a British client with no absolute authority. He played a brief and reluctant role in the Indian Mutiny of 1857–58 when rebel troops from Meerut seized Delhi and forced BahadurShah Zafar to accept nominal leadership of the revolt of 1857. But  British Army captured Delhi and ended the revolt in September 1857. After that Bahadur Shah was arrested.

The Last Mughal Emperor 

The last Mughal emperor and his famed Urdu poetry are the final cultural output from the Mughal Dynasty. Zafar’s ghazals still have a significant impact on the people. His Urdu ghazals demonstrate his extraordinary talent as a poet king at the peak of his time’s sophisticated cultural traditions.

Death of Bahadur Shah Zafar

Death-During the British occupation of India’s capital, the Mughal king of Delhi Bahadur Shah Zafar died in exile in Rangoon, Burma. A famous shrine has grown up around his gravesite. Many people come to pay their respects there.

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