In just one article you will learn about Buddhism god name, Buddhism founder and date, Buddhism sects, Buddhosm festivals list,, Buddhist holy books name, Buddhism four noble truths and eight foldpaths and howa dalai lama are choosen.
In India, Buddhism was founded by Siddhartha Gautama more than 2,500 years ago (“the Buddha”). Buddhism is a prominent religion in the world, having around 470 million followers. East and Southeast Asia have historically been the most popular regions for its use, although its influence has also expanded to the West. Many beliefs and philosophies of Buddhism are like Hinduism. Buddhism does not have a single god. Instead, it’s a Buddhist belief that nothing is fixed or everlasting and may change anything at any time. In Buddhism the practicing and growth of morality, meditation, and wisdom is the road to enlightenment.
Buddhists believe life is infinite and defined by pain, uncertainty and death. These are referred to as the Tilakhana or the three indicators of existence. Buddhists believe individual reborn repeatedly, experiencing pain over countless lives. It is true because no state, good or evil, can remain forever. According to Buddhism, one of the primary causes of sorrow is our misguided idea that causes suffering.
When Gautama died about 483 B.C, his disciples began a religious movement. His teachings became the foundation of religion. Buddhism also remained as official religion of kingdoms. Third-century B.C. Mauryan monarch Ashoka made Buddhism the official religion of his kingdom. In Ashoka reign different Buddhist monasteries also came into existence to promote missionary activity.
Buddhism Founder and Date
The Buddhism founder was Siddhartha Gautama subsequently called “the Buddha. The Buddhism founder date was near 483 B.C.” He was born into the royal family as a prince. While Gautama lived a happy lifestyle, he was affected by the world’s suffering. He chose to sacrifice his luxury life and suffer hardship. He encouraged the concept of the Middle way, meaning that there is way in-between in two extremes when it failed to fulfill it. Thus he looked for a life that was neither socially lavish but not deprived as well.
Buddhists believe that after six years of investigation, Gautama attained enlightenment under a Bodhi tree. After achieving enlightenment he taught others how to reach this spiritual condition for the rest of his life.
Buddhism god name / Beliefs
- Buddhist followers do not recognize a supreme entity or God. Instead, they concentrate on gaining enlightenment, a condition of calm and understanding. Buddhists believe when people achieve this stage of calmness, nirvana is considered to have been completed.
- The creator of Buddhism, Buddha, is regarded not as a god but as an amazing man. Buddha means “lighted.”
By using morality, meditation and understanding are reached the road to enlightenment. Buddhists frequently meditate because they think it helps to uncover the truth.
- In Buddhism, there are several ideas and perspectives, making it a peaceful and developing religion.
- According to some researchers, it is a “way of life” or a “spiritual tradition” rather than a religion.
- Buddhism urges its believers not to delight themselves but also to deny themselves.
- The Four Noble Truths of Siddhartha are the most important principles for the understanding of religion.
- Buddhists believe in karma (the law of cause-and-effect) and reincarnation (the continuous cycle of rebirth).
- Buddhist believers can pray in their houses or temples.
- Buddhist monks follows a strict rule of conduct, including celibacy.
- There is no one Buddhist symbol, but various signs representing Buddhist ideas have emerged, including the lotus flower, the Bodhi tree, the swastika, and the eight-spoked dharma wheel.
There are three primary Buddhism sects. These Buddhism Sects are divided according to geographical areas.
Theravada Buddhism: in Thailand, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, and Burma.
Mahayana Buddhism: in China, Japan, Taiwan, Korea, Singapore, and Vietnam
Tibetan Buddhism in Mongolia, Bhutan, Tibet, Nepal, northern India, and parts of Russia
Buddhism four noble truths and eightfold path
Dharma is considered the teachings of Buddha. It emphasized on compassion, wisdom, patience, charity, and kindness. All people in Buddhism follow the five rules which stop them to
- From Killing the living beings
- Letting what is not for you
- Sexual misbehavior
- Use of prohibited drugs
Buddha taught four truths which are very crucial in Buddhism . which cause suffering of people.
- Observations on the nature of pain (dukkha)
- which is responsible for suffering (Samudaya)
- The point at which suffering comes to an end (Nirhodha)
- the path which leads us away from suffering (Magga)
Buddhist Festivals list
There are two main Buddhist festivals in list whcih are most important in Buddhism.
Buddhists celebrate Vesak every year, a holiday to honor Buddha’s birth enlightenment, and death.
Every quarter of the moon, Buddhist believers take part in a celebration called Uposatha. This celebration enables Buddhists to reconfirm their dedication to achieve the enlightenment in their life They also enjoy the Buddhist New Year and take part in several other festivities every year.
Buddhist holy books name:
Buddhists respect many sacred texts and scriptures. Among them following are main Buddhist holy books name
- Tipitaka: Also called “three baskets,” these writings are the earliest scripture of Buddhism.
- Sutras: Approximately 2,000 sutras are there, and these are read mainly by the Mahayana Buddhists.
- The Book of the Dead: This literature explains more about the phases of death.
The Dalai Lama is the highest-ranking monk in Tibetan Buddhism, and he ruled the Tibet region until 1959 when the Chinese government gained control. According to Buddhist tradition, the present Dalai Lama is a rebirth of a previous lama who preferred to be reborn to continue his vital job rather than passing through the circle of life. In Buddhism that person is called Tulku who chooses to be reborn. There are 14 Dalai Lamas in Buddhist history, from which the first and second Dalai Lamas received the title “posthumously.” The name Dalai Lama means “Ocean of Wisdom.”.
How Dalai lama are choosen?
When a Dalai Lama dies, it is the obligation of High Lamas and the government of Tibet to locate their successors. Therefore, the High Lamas look for a baby boy born around the time of death of the Dalai Lama. It usually takes about three years to find the next Dalai Lama, however, when they chose last the Dalai Lama, it took nearly four years. The High Lamas used many techniques to figure out how to find the next Dalai lama.
Dream: One of the High Lamas might dream of a mark or place that would identify the child.
Smoke: High Lamas look in the direction of the smoke and search correspondingly while the previous Dalai Lama is burned.
Lake of Oracle: In central Tibet, high lamas go to a sacred lake named Lhamo Lhatso, where they keep an eye out for a sign from it. It might be a vision or a clue to how to carry on the search. Tenzin Gyatso’s home and town clues were seen from this method and chosen as Dalai Lama.
14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso:
Tenzin Gyatso is Tibetan Buddhism’s 14th Dalai Lama. Born in 1935 and was recognized as Thubten Gyatso at an early age.
For many years, the High Lamas of the Gelugpa Tradition looked for the next Dalai Lama, but reports indicate that events confirmed that Tenzin was the next Dalai lama. A little over five years old, he was enrolled and started his training in the local monastery. He was also taught in his official house by the top monks of Lhasa, the capital of Tibet.
China’s political environment changed after 1950 and they started to control the Tibet officially. In March 1959, Tibetans started a agitation against the Chinese control. But Chinese troops suppressed the uprising and killed hundreds.
At that time the Dalai Lama escaped with hundreds of followers from Tibet to India. He was greeted by the Indian Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, fearing that the Chinese authorities would murder him. Since then, he has been in India.
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Buddhism god name, Buddhism founder and date, Buddhism sects,Buddhist festivals list ,Buddhist holy books name