Ghiyas ud Din Tughlaq
The Tughlaq Dynasty was founded by Ghiyas ud Din Tughlaq in 1320-1325. His father was a Turkish slave of Balban, while his mother was a Punjabi Jat lady. Ghiyas ud Din Tughlaq distinguished himself in the service of the Sultans of Delhi, earned the title of “Ghazi Malik” for his clever and successful operations against the Mongols.
Ala-ud-din Khilji appointed him as the Governor of Dipalpur. The nobles asked Ghazi Malik to take the throne after the usurper in Delhi Sultanate under Qutub-din-Mubarak Shah. Khusru Malik had killed Qutub-din and nominated himself the King. Taking advantage of that Ghiyas-ud-din killed Khursu Malik and established the Tughlaq dynasty and became its first monarch.
He was the first ruler and founder of the Tughlaq dynasty. Under Qutbuddin Mubarak Khilji, he ascended to the provincial legislative head of Dinapur. He repelled the Mongol intruders numerous times. Finally, he established a great Tughlaq Dynasty after the Khilji Dynasty.
It was not an easy throne for him to sit on, as the disorder was everywhere, and many places attempted to proclaim their independence. Due to the inefficient policies of Qutbuddin Mubarak Khilj, the law and order situation was severe everywhere. Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq raised the kingdom excellently with his wisdom, capacities, and quality, and he was successful in maintaining peace and harmony. He was a brilliant and generous king.
- The neighboring governors attempted to declare their independence by creating disorder in the subcontinent following Ala-ud-Din Khilji. As a result, Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq had to give significant regard to this site not long after assuming the throne.
- After Ala-ud-Din died, Pratap Rudra Deva II, the ruler of Warangal, declared his independence; therefore, Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq fought two battles against him in 1321 and 1323. In the battle, Partap was defeated, and his domain was annexed to the Delhi Sultanate.
- In Bengal, there started a common battle between Bughra Khan’s two grandchildren. Taking advantage of this flaw, the Sultan launched an attack on Bengal, seizing control of a vast area of the country.
- On his journey across from Bengal, the Sultan defeated the Raja of Tirhut and took his lands.
Difficulties of ghiyas ud din tughlaq
- Ghiyas-ud-din had to deal with both internal and external issues. But, unfortunately, His successors destroyed Ala-ud-din’s administrative setup and took no steps to construct a new one.
- Qutbudin Mubarak Shah and Khusra Shah have donated significant sums of money among their nobles and subjects, depleting the Sultan’s exchequer. Above all, it wasn’t easy to keep provincial governors and chiefs in line, especially since they were willing to throw away the Sultan’s power at any time. Ghiyas-ud-din, on the other hand, overcame all of these challenges and succeeded.
Domestic and Foreign Policies
Ghiyas-ud-din brought order back to his empire.
He prioritized postal arrangements, judiciary, irrigation, agricultural, and law enforcement.
He ascended the kingdom in 1320 A.D.
He took the authority of Bengal, Utkala or Orissa, and Warangal.
He arrested and caged the Mongol chiefs who invaded North India.
The Destruction of the Rebellions and the Expansion of the Empire
- Ghiyas-ud-din demonstrated that he was a more aggressive imperialist than Ala-ud-din.
- Ghiyas-ud-din, on the other hand, was open about his annexation agenda.
- In 1321 A.D., Ghiyas-ud-din ordered his son, Ulugh Khan ( Muhammad bin Tughlkaq), to fight against Pratap Rudra Dev. Ulugh khan advanced quickly, arriving in Warangal without encountering any resistance and besieging the fort.
- Prataprudra Deva submitted and promised to pay the annual tribute after six months however because Ulugh khan demanded that he submit without any conditions without any agreement.
- At the same time, word got out that Ghiyas-ud-din had died. The army of Delhi was thrown into a panic, and many officials and their soldiers fled Jauna Khan. Jauna Khan fled to Devagiri.
Tomb of Ghiyasud Din Tughlaq
A protracted rule was not something Ghiyas-ud-Din was likely to appreciate. So when he returned to Delhi after his Bengal expedition, he was greeted cheerfully by his son Juna Khan in the new building that had been specially built for him.
In 1325 A. D., the building collapsed, and the Sultan died beneath it. In the investigation, there was a discussion over whether the Sultan’s death resulted from a conspiracy or happened by chance.
The Tomb of Ghiyasud Din Tughlaq is situated south of the Tughlaqabad Fort in New Delhi and easily accessible from South Delhi and the Khanpur area of Delhi.
After Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq died in 1325, his son Jauna (Ulugh Khan) replaced him as Mohammad-bin-Tughlaq.
Tughlaqabad Fort was built by
The Tughluq dynasty was founded by Ghiyas-ud-din Tughluq, also known as Ghazi Malik. Tughluq’s policy toward Mongols was harsh. He had assassinated “Ilkhan Oljeitu ” envoys and cruelly treated Mongol prisoners.
- He also began building the Tughlaqabad Fort.
- Tughlaqabad Fort was built by Ghiyas ud Din Tughlaq.
- Tughlaq established a stable administration dominated by Multanis during his reign, representing his local power base of Dipalpur and Punjab and the methods he employed to gain power.
- He came from poor beginnings.