The Lord Hardinge of Penshurst (1910-1916)
Lord Hardinge was the 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst. He was born on 20 June 1858 and died on 2 August 1944. He served as Viceroy of India from 1910- 1916 after Lord Minto. He was the grandson of Henry Hardinge–1st Viscount Hardinge, the former Governor-General of India.
Delhi Durbar 1911
The 1911 Delhi Durbar marks a watershed moment in Indian history. It was the third (and final) of a series of formal coronation events. It came into being by the British Raj in India on December 12, 1911. The first Delhi-Darbar was in 1877, when Queen Victoria was recognized as the Empress of India, and the second was in 1903 when Edward VII was honored.
On March 22, 1911, a royal proclamation stated that the Durbar would be held in December to commemorate George V and Mary of Teck’s coronation in Britain. Thousands of landed gentry and other notables attended to obey their sovereigns.
King George V’s succession was marked by the Delhi-Darbar of 1911. This Durbar was significant for two reasons:
- First, King announced the annulment of partition of Bengal
- Second, at this Durbar, the Emperor announced to transfer the Capital of Imperial from the Calcutta to Delhi.
During the Delhi Durbar a bomb was throw on the Lord Hardinge but fortunately he remained. This case is known as Delhi Conspiracy
McMahon Border Line 1914
The McMahon Line is a well-defined border between India and China. It was named after Sir Henry McMahon, the chief British negotiator. This line stretches for 890 kilometers. China, on the other hand, does not accept this stance.
Ghadar Mutiny 1915
In February 1915, the Ghadar Mutiny, which is also known as the Ghadar Conspiracy, was started. It was the most prominent plan among all the Hindu-Germen mutiny between 1914 to 1917. The main purpose was to start a pan-Indian mutiny to end the British Raj in the British Indian Army during World War I. The plan’s most prominent participants were members of the Punjabi community in Canada and the United States.
The mutiny was supposed to start in Punjab, then spread to Bengal and in the rest of India. The plan got revealed to British intelligence and law enforcement. British intelligence infiltrated the Ghadar movement in Canada and India, and last-minute information from a spy helped put down the planned uprising in Punjab before it started.
After Ghadar Movement, Gandhi-jee returned to India from South Africa in 1915.
He was succeeded by Lord Chelmsford.