Lord Mountbatten (1947)
Lord Mountbatten was the last Governor-General of India after Lord Wavell. After that India and Pakistan were created.
The Indian Independence Act of 1947
In 1947, the Indian Independence Act was passed and as a result of this India and Pakistan became two states on the basis of “two nation Theory” . Pakistan was divided into East Pakistan and West Pakistan. In Indian independence act the title of Emperor of India was abolished. On 3 June 1947 Lord Mounbatten announced the independence of India and declared that rule of the British in India would end on 30 June 1948.
Lord Mountbatten remained Governor-General India and Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of India. Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah became the Governor-General of Pakistan and Liaqat Ali Khan becmae the prime Minister. On 14th August 1947 Pakistan declared as an independent Country and on 15 August 1947 India was declared as an independent country.
Salient Features of the Independence Act 1947
The main provisions of indian independence act 1947 are given below.
- The Act ended the British rule in India, and both counties became an independent state.
- Seats of Governor-General and Secretary of State of India abolished. The title of Emperor of India was also removed. .
- The Act empowered the Indian and Pakistani legislatures to make a constitution according to their countries.
- The Act gave right princely states, allowing them to join either Pakistan or India or remain independent.
- The Government of India Act, 1935, provided help to govern the both countries until Pakistan and India form new constitutions
- The Secretary of State for India’s appointment to civil service and reservation of posts was also abolished.