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Nawaz Sharif-Chief Minister-Prime Minister-Atomic Tests-Military’s Coup

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Nawaz Sharif 

Nawaz Sharif” was born on 25-December 1949. He served three times as Pakistan’s prime minister from 1990 to 1993, 1997-1999, and from 2013 to 2017. He also served as Chief Minister of Punjab from 1985-1990. He is the longest-serving prime minister in Pakistan.

Early Life Career

Nawaz Sharif got his education from Lahore. He started studying business at the Government College Lahore. After this, he studied law at Punjab University and then joined politics in the late 1970s. In 1981, Nawaz Sharif served as Minister of Finance of the Punjab province under the Zia-ul-Haq administration. 

He was chosen as the Chief Minister of Punjab by a loose coalition of conservatives in 1985. He was re-elected after the conclusion of martial law following the prime minister of Pakistan in 1988. He served as Finance Minister of Punjab when Lieutenant-General Ghulam Jilani was Governor of Punjab under Zia’s dictatorship.  Sharif was appointed as provisional finance minister. In 1990, Sharif led a conservative alliance and was the nation’s prime minister. In 1990. It was afterward reported that the Pakistan intelligence service manipulated the election for Sharif.

Political Career

During the nationalization measures imposed by former Premier Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, Nawaz Sharif began his political career. After the family steel firm became nationalized, the Sharif family was financially decimated, and soon after, Sharif became a national politician. 

In 1981, Nawaz Sharif also joined the consultative council of Punjab under General Zia-ul-Haq and, as a fervent promoter of the Military regime of General Zia -ul-Haq during the 1980s.

He was close to Zia-ul-Haq, who agreed promptly to repay the steel plant lost to Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto’s nationalization. Sharif also had close links during his political career to Hamid Gul-ISI director-general, who played an important role in founding Islamic Jamhoori Ittihad.

Nawaz sharif as chief minister punjab

nawaz sharif as chief minister punjab

nawaz sharif as chief minister punjab

After the 1985 election, Nawaz Sharif became the Chief Minister of Punjab with the help of General Ghulam Jilani.  In 1988 when Zia-ul-Haq dismissed the government of Muhammad khan Jujenjo, Zia retained Nawaz Sharif as Chief Minister of Punjab. He remained Chief Minister of Punjab till Zia’s death. After General Zia’s death, his political party–Pakistan Muslim League, divided into two groups. Nawaz Sharif led a loyalist Fida group. The Fida Group then became known as the JIP and seized the PML mantle. These two groups and some other parties made IJI with Military backing. After the 1988 election, IJI won the election in Punjab, and Nawaz Sharif became the Chief Minister of Punjab again. 

Nawaz sharif first government

After the dismissal of Benazir Bhutto, Nawaz Sharif became the Prime Minister on 1 November 1990. He concentrated on upgrading national infrastructure and encouraged digital telecommunications to expand. He privatized banks, opened the doors to future industrial privatization, and dissolved the policies of Zulfiqar Bhutto. 

Policies of Nawaz Sharif in First Government

 In his reign, Nawaz Sharif made different policies. These are discussed below:

nawaz sharif first government

   nawaz sharif first government (PM)

Industrialization and Privatization

Shortly after taking office as Prime Minister, Nawaz Sharif outlined his economic plan under the so-called “National Program for Economic Reconstruction.” Nawaz Sharif turned the policies of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. He started the Privatization program. During the 1990-1993 period, about 115 nationalized industries were privatized by the government. 

Science Policy

In 1991, Sharif developed and authorized the Pakistan Antarctic Program with the Pakistan Navy’s Engineering Division under the scientific leadership of the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) and constructed the Jinnah Antarctic Station and Cell of Polar Research for the first time. Pakistan was appointed Associate Member in 1992 of the Antarctic Research Scientific Committee, signed at the United Nations by his scientific advisor Munir Ahmed Khan.

Nuclear Policy

The newly elected Prime Minister presented its nuclear policy on 7 November 1990. In 1993, the Institute of Nuclear Engineering (INE) was established by Sharif, and its policy on peaceful nuclear power use was supported. The INSC College of Theoretical Physics was founded on 28 July 1997 and designated 1997 a year for science in Pakistan.

1992 Scandal of Co-operative Society

Co-operative societies collect deposits from members and may legally only provide loans for the benefit of members and their members. However, its mismanagement led to the breakdown of millions of Pakistanis. Around 700,000 individuals, largely poor, lost all funds in Sharif’s Punjab province.

1993 Constitutional Crisis

Nawaz Sharif had serious issues with President Ghulam Ishaq. President used his Power and dismissed the government of Nawaz Sharif. Nawaz Challenged this removal in the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court ruled that the Presidential order was unconstitutional, and the Nawaz government was restored

Later under pressure from the Army, Nawaz resigned from the Prime Minister after an agreement that removed President Ghulam Ishaq also from Power. After this agreement, Ghulam Ishaq was also removed from the seat. 

1993 Elections

After the 1993 election, PPP came into Power, and Nawaz Sharif became the “Leader of Opposition.” In the Sindh province, Benazir Bhutto experienced difficulties with her younger brother, Murtaza Bhutto. Nawaz Sharif joined Benazir’s younger brother Murtaza Bhutto, established a political relationship to weaken the Benazir Bhutto administration, and launched the wave of anti-corruption against her and her husband. 

Second Term of Nawaz Sharif as Prime Minister (1997-99)

In 1997 Nawaz Sharif won the election with great victory, and he became the Prime Minister of Pakistan second time. 

Nawaz Sharif and Justice Sajjad Ali Shah

When Benazir was in Power, she appointed Justice Sajjad Ali Shah as Chief Justice of Pakistan. In 1997 he was hearing a corruption case against Nawaz Sharif. After becoming the Prime Minister, “Nawaz Sharif” criticized Justice Sajjad Ali Shah publicly. On this, Sajjad Ali summoned Nawaz Sharif for contempt of Court. On 30- September, Nawaz Sharif appeared in the Supreme Court with hundreds of supporters. Those people attacked the Supreme Court building. Chief Justice Sajjad Ali Shah fled from Court. The police controlled the situation after a lot of effort. 

President Farooq Leghari was in favor of Chief Justice, and it made the situation worse. After this situation, the Chief of Army Staff “General Jehangir Karamat,” intervened and settled. Chief Justice Sajjad Ali Shah resigned in December 1997. After that, President Farooq Leghari also resigned and was replaced by Rafiq Tarrar.

Atomic Tests-1998

justice sajjad ali shah

Atomic Tests-1998

Prime Minister Sharif instructed PAEC to prepare for the Atomic bomb test. He called Dr. Ishfaq Ahmad and ordered him to complete the preparation. In reaction to the Indian Atomic test, Pakistan conducted the successful nuclear tests on 28 May 1998 (Chagai-I codename) and 30  May 1998 (Chagai-II codename).

Constitutional Amendment

In August 1998, the Nawaz government approved two constitutional amendments in the 1973 constitution. After these amendments, the Semi-presidential system of Pakistan became a parliamentary system, and the Power of the President to dissolve the parliament also ended. These two amendments made Nawaz Sharif the most Powerful Prime Minister of Pakistan. 

Motorway Creation

 Pakistan motorway, known as the M2 motorway, developed in the Nawaz era. This mega-project was concluded in November 1997 for US$989.12 million. End of the End of 2nd Term 

        Military’s Coup

Military’s Coup

After the Kargil war with India, Nawaz became very unpopular in Public. On 12-October 1999, Nawaz Sharif attempted to remove  Musharraf from Chief of Army Staff and appointed General Ziauddin Butt as new Chief of army staff, but it couldn’t happen. The Pakistan army arrested Nawaz Sharif, and Musharraf became the Chief executive of the country. After this, he was released from Jail at the request of Saudi Arabia. He and his family moved to Saudi Arabia by special plane.  

Third term as Prime Minister 

In the 2013 elections, The Muslim League (N) gained 124 National Assembly seats on 11 May 2013 and formed the government. Nawaz Sharif took oath as Prime Minister of Pakistan for the third time.

Third Term of Nawaz Sharif as Prime Minister

On 7 June 2013, after the stunning PML-N elections victory in Nawaz Sharif, he was sworn in for an unprecedented third term. Having been sworn in, he faced several challenges, including stopping US drones and Taliban attacks and confronting a fragile economy. He also faced several challenges. There has been speculation that the incoming government needs rescue from the International Monetary Fund to restore economic stability.

Fata Reforms

On 3 March 2017, Sharif Cabinet adopted a series of measures for the proposed merger between Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Federally Administrated Tribal Areas (FATA’s) and a development package Rs. One hundred ten billion over ten years. After this, FATA became a part of KPK, and Pakistan’s total area increased from 796,096 km square to 881,913 km square. 

2016 Panama Papers Leak

In 2016, the Panama Paper scandal came in. According to the Panama Papers, the family of  Sharif owns millions of dollars of properties and corporations both worldwide and in the UK. After this, an inquiry started against Nawaz Sharif and his family.

On 28 July 2017, the Court issued its judgment and disqualified the Prime Minister as dishonest. The Court prohibited him from holding a public office. The Court also ordered a referral against Sharif and his family against corruption charges by the National Accountability Bureau.

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