Sultan Nasiruddin Mahmud
“Iltutmish’s eldest son, Shahzada Nasiruddin, had a posthumous son named sultan nasiruddin mahmud. Iltutmish gave his grandson the same name as his firstborn son due to his deep devotion to him. Iltutmish always considered him as his own son rather than a grandson. He wanted to make him his successor but Nasiruddin Mahmud was still a child when Iltutmish died. At the time of his ascent to the throne, Nasiruddin was a seventeen-year-old. He had no desire to be a king, but he and his mother were brought to the city, dressed as a king, and placed on the throne by the conspirators who had slain Masud Shah. Ghiyas-ud-din Balban was one of Nasiruddin’s benefactors.
Nasiruddin was a nice and religious man who was well-educated and clever. He was a devout Muslim who led a good life. He had four wives, and he kept himself occupied by participating in religious activities. However, he was also a skilled calligrapher, and in his spare time, he copied the Holy Quran and made his income only by selling his scripts. Hr ruled the Slave dynasty from 1246 to 1266.
Achievements of Nasiruddin Mahmud
India’s political situation needed a strong king who could smash the adversaries’ power, maintain peace and order, protect the country from Mongol incursions, and also produce stability in the slave dynasty.
Nasiruddin Mahmud had an influential minister Ghiyas-ud-din Balban, who was also his father-in-law. He remained very dependent on Ghiyas-ud-din Balban during his tenure. As a result, he gained favor with all nobles, who were free to settle state problems. Nasiruiddin was a religious person but he was also a puppet of Balban. He never stated an opinion without the approval of Balban. Balban was the king’s principal minister and oversaw all of his activities. From 1246 to 1266 throughout Nasiruiddin’s reign, Balban was in charge of the state’s domestic and international policy. He was a powerful and skillful man who effectively suppressed revolts, maintained peace and order in the country, and held off Mongol incursions.
Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud once attempted to depose Balban and replace him with Rihan. During Rihan’s ministership, everything became difficult even for ordinary people. This move was a complete failure for the empire so Balban was reinstalled to his elevated position in the following year.
Death Nasiruddin Mahmud
Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud died in 1266. after his death, Balban rose to the throne of the Slave Dynasty